The Criminology and Forensic Studies discipline within the School of Applied Human Sciences celebrated the success of three of their staff members who graduated with their PhDs from the University of KwaZulu-Natal. They were Dr Lawrence Musa Zondi, Dr Aden Dejene Tolla and Dr Siyanda Dlamini.
Dr Zondi, conducted research on “Crime prevention: a criminological perspective of Msinga Municipality, Umzinyathi District, Dundee, South Africa. His research focused on prioritising the reduction of crime and building safer communities in South Africa. In order to achieve this, crime prevention must be initiated at community level. Safety is a core human right. It is a necessary condition for human development, improving the quality of life and enhancing productivity. The role-played by Amakhosi, izinduna, different government departments, criminal justice system and civil society in terms of fighting crime cannot be overemphasised and should be the priority of government in the 21st century.
Dr Tolla concentrated on “Assessing the extent of child trafficking and national response in Southern Gondar, Ethiopia.” This research explored the extent of child trafficking and the possible community associated factors, which cause child trafficking in Ethiopia. A quantitative research methodology was used. A total of 636 household participants were selected by systematic random sampling technique in order to fulfil the quantitative survey. The data was analysed by logistic regression, bivariate analysis of factors association, multivariate analysis and cross tabulation of factors associated with child trafficking were investigated. The socio-demographic, socio-economic, socio-cultural information and communication were found to have been the main contributing factors for trafficking. The response by the Ethiopian government to child trafficking is limited as they experience challenges combatting the problem. Due to the implementation problem, poor governance, no direct support for victims, shortage of skilled police to examine child trafficking, official corruption, low prosecution of traffickers, limited child trafficking policies and legislations have proved not to be strong enough to prevent and protect children.
Dr Dlamini did “A criminological exploration of the community policing forums in Durban, South Africa: A study based on Glenwood suburb and Cato Manor Township.” The aim of this study was to establish what were the challenges of Community Police Forums (CPF’s) in combating crime, with a focus on two residential areas in Durban. The findings suggest limited knowledge of and affinity to CPF’s by community members. This owes partly to lack of communication, resources, trust, as well as political interference and SAPS organisational culture, which affect the functioning of these CPF’s. A comparative analysis between the two areas noted differences in participation by the youth, police, and community members as well as their remuneration. Together, these findings suggest that more effort is needed from both the community and the police to ensure that the CPF’s function effectively.